Libya: LNA gains Jufra



Lieutenant General فريق Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) has gained ground in central and southern Libya since last year, taking control of oil facilities and military bases. Most recently they have advanced near oasis towns in the Jufra and Sabha regions.

Regional powers have sided with opposing camps that have vied for power in Libya since the 2011 uprising that toppled veteran strongman leader Muammar Gaddafi.

Egypt and the UAE are considered key supporters of Haftar, who has built his position battling Islamist militants and other opponents in eastern Libya. East Libyan authorities accuse Qatar of backing rival, Islamist-leaning factions in western Libya.
Libya’s eastern-based government has followed regional allies in cutting diplomatic ties with Qatar, its foreign minister, Mohamed Dayri, said on June 5.

The government, which sits in the eastern city of Bayda, has little authority within Libya. It is appointed by a parliament that also sits in the east and is aligned with powerful military commander Khalifa Haftar. They have spurned a U.N.-backed, internationally recognised government in the capital, Tripoli.

The eastern-based government’s announcement came after Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain severed ties with Qatar, accusing it of supporting terrorism.

Dayri gave no immediate explanation for the Libyan move.

[May 20 Third Force massacre ]


Members of the Libyan National Army (LNA), also known as the forces loyal to Marshal Khalifa Haftar, patrol on January 28, 2017 the area of Qanfudah, on the outskirts of Benghazi, after retaking it from IS fighters

An attack on Brak al-Shati airbase in south Libya has killed 141 people, mostly soldiers loyal to military strongman Khalifa Haftar The attack breached an informal truce between the rival forces that was reached earlier this month when the LNA’s commander, General Khalifa Haftar, met the UN-backed Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj.



Tripoli had decided to suspend its defence minister, al-Mahdi al-Barghati, and Jamal Al-Treki, the head of the Third Force from their duties until those responsible were identified.   The Tripoli government has set up an investigative committee to present its findings to the prime minister within 15 days.


[March 3 Khalifa Haftar: Trump to support Haftar’s Eastern forces ?]


Khalifa Haftar in Russia in November for arms talks

Egypt is being sidelined in the talks between Moscow and Haftar on a range of issues.

“Haftar promised to provide Russia a naval base on the Mediterranean, probably in Barca, in return for increased Russian military support to Haftar in order to allow him to increase the land under his territorial control. [This would also entail] a promise by Russia to secure American and European approval to guarantee a role for Haftar in any future political arrangements in Libya,” he says.

Haftar visited Moscow twice in the last year and boarded the Russian aircraft carrier the Admiral Kuznetsov in January, after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the ship to anchor off Libyan shores as it made its way back from a mission to support Bashar al-Assad’s forces in Syria. On board, Haftar held a video conference call with Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu, in what is the most publicly visible sign of Russia’s increasing support for Haftar.

Trump enters the fray
Any frustration felt toward Haftar did not prevent Egypt from attempting to secure support from the United States for him, as US and Libyan sources revealed last week that there had been “undeclared efforts exerted by Egypt to establish direct relations bY and contacts between Haftar and the new US administration led by President Donald Trump, which is reconsidering how to deal with Haftar as the strongman in Libya.”

The Egyptian official news agency prominently highlighted the remarks that Trump’s Middle East campaign advisor Walid Phares gave to the local “Libya Al-Hadath” television channel earlier this week, reporting that Phares said, “The Trump administration will deal with the national Libyan military institution led by General Haftar. This army is the one officially acknowledged by the administration, despite international political disagreements and suggestions to build another army.”

Phares’s comments represent a potential change in the US position on Haftar, as the previous US administration had offered military support to militias supporting Sarraj in their battle against the Islamic State in Sirte last year

[December 9 2016]

Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan House of Representatives MP Jaballah Al-Shibani has asserted that someone in Trump’s campaign team had promised him and other MPs that the Libyan crisis would be ‘one of the Trump administration’s priorities, emphasising that they will support the Libyan Army with the needed military equipment because they are looking for who can bring back stability and security in Libya.’
Al-Shibani also declared, ‘Trump believes in strong and powerful men and he has good relations with Russia’s President Vladimir Putin and the Egyptian President Abdelfattah El-Sisi, which will pave the way for good relations with Libya as well.’
Other than in relation to the presence of the Islamic State group, however, Libya is unlikely to be a top policy priority for the president-elect. Nevertheless, many easterners believe that the Trump presidency will help to alter the balance of power inside Libya in Haftar’s favour. Khalifa Haftar’s position has obviously been bolstered significantly of late as a result of his September takeover of the oil export terminals. This has enabled the field marshal to extend his control more firmly across the east.   Foreign support for eastern forces loyal to Haftar — includes U.S. ­allies France and Egypt.

August 10 escalation of conflicts between Haftar and Siraj UN-proposed government ]

Cairo- The army loyal to the government based in the east Libya announced breaking off relations with commander of 204 tanks brigade and the defense minister-designate of the UN-proposed government Colonel Al-Mahdi Al-Barghathi.

The commander of the Libyan National Army Khalifa Haftar issued a resolution that stipulates changing the name of 204 tanks brigade to 298 tanks brigade and appointing Abd Al-Karim Barghouti as a leader of the tanks brigade.

Latest updates indicate termination of official relations between Minister of Defense in Siraj government and the military institution in eastern Libya; they also signal an escalation of conflicts between Haftar and Siraj.

[May 12 American forces in Libya snub Hifter

Two teams totaling fewer than 25 troops are operating from around the cities of Misurata and Benghazi to identify potential ­allies among local armed factions and gather intelligence on threats, according to the officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive mission overseas. The activities of the American “contact teams,” as they are known, take place in parallel to those of elite allied forces from France and other European nations in the same areas, U.S. and Libyan officials said.

Some officials privately complain that foreign support for eastern forces loyal to Hifter — including from U.S. ­allies France and Egypt — makes consolidation of the unity government’s power more difficult. The Misuratan forces recognize the unity government in Tripoli; those loyal to Hifter do not. “Our priority in Libya is full support to the government and not support to a particular force,” a French diplomatic official said.

[October  9 2015 Khalifa Haftar on de facto partition of Libya ]

In spite of being threatened with sanctions, Gen. Khalifa Haftar has the support of Egypt, the UAE and the Arab League. He recently signed a military deal with Jordan.
Haftar’s Plan would confer all powers on a temporary president or declare a state of emergency with a military council governing the country and himself as head of the council, and thus de facto partition of the country. Haftar believes he can defeat the GNC and retake the rest of the country.

[March 11 Lieutenant General فريق Khalifa Haftar, army commander of Libyan Army]

 commander of Libyan armed forces

commander of Libyan armed forces

On March 2, 2015,Khalifa Haftar was appointed commander of the armed forces loyal to the elected, internationally backed government, the Council of Deputies. Haftar has been promoted to lieutenant general. His appointment as army commander, which was announced on March 2, is apparent confirmation of official support for the Dignity campaign, which has battled extremist militias in the eastern city of Benghazi.

[February 25 2015 Tobruk Libya: Aguila Salah Issa to name an army chief]

parliament speaker Aguila Salah Issa

parliament speaker Aguila Salah Issa

“The chamber (of deputies) adopted today a law regarding the general leadership of the Libyan army,” calling on parliament speaker Aguila Salah Issa to name a chief, MP Issa al-Aribi said. Another MP said the law was adopted to “legitimise” General Khalifa Haftar, chief of the Libyan National Army, and that he would be formally named in the “coming hours.

[June 19 2014 Ahmed Abu Khattala taken into custody in a secret US raid. As the raid took place, Operation Dignity attacked Islamic militant camps]

The lifeless body of the American ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens.

The lifeless body of the American ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens.

buzz:Despite official denials, June 15’s capture of Khattala was conducted in a joint effort with “Operation Dignity.” General Haftar’s airstrikes and raids in Benghazi then may very well have been the “Fix” portion of JSOC’s “Find, Fix, Finish” strategy. By launching simultaneous attacks in Benghazi, Khattala would have been forced to bunker down inside his compound, the military action serving to deny him freedom of movement. How many Islamists were killed during this round of strikes and operations ranges from a dozen all the way up to 60 depending on which sources you believe.

[June 18]
As the U.S. raid took place on Sunday,June 15, forces loyal to Operation Dignity attacked Islamic militant camps in Benghazi as part of a new assault against the groups. Airstrikes targeted the camps on behalf of Gen. Khalifa Hifter, who was a top military official under dictator Moammar Gadhafi but later defected and lived for years in the U.S.

It isn’t clear what the strikes targeted. The general later said the clashes killed five of his fighters.

Ahmed Abu Khattala was taken into custody in a secret US military raid in Libya on 15 June.
For days, Army Delta Force commandos, the FBI and U.S. intelligence agencies lay in wait for one of the alleged masterminds behind the deadly September 11, 2012, attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya.
Then, they lured Abu Khatallah to a point south of the city and nabbed him.

Khalifa Haftar’s troops, backed by tanks and rocket launchers, attacked several suspected camps of Islamists in western areas of Benghazi on Sunday, June 15.

[April 6, 2011]

 Chris Stevens, former deputy chief of mission at the U.S. embassy in Tripoli

Chris Stevens, former deputy chief of mission in Tripoli

A U.S. envoy has arrived in Benghazi to get to know Libya’s opposition and discuss how the United States might help it meet its financial needs, a U.S. official said on April 6.

The visit by Chris Stevens, former deputy chief of mission at the U.S. embassy in Tripoli, reflects a U.S. effort effort to deepen its contacts with the rebels, who are fighting a civil war against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s forces. here

Fathi Baja, a political science professor who heads political committee

Fathi Baja, a political science professor who heads political committee

Fathi Baja, the rebels’ head of international affairs. Washington Post but see

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U.K. investigates Leinada/ Walid Al-Giahmi in 963 million euros ($1.06 billion) Libyan payment


Libyan Investment Authority


The U.K. Serious Fraud Office is seeking documents as part of a “pending” probe into a dispute between Societe Generale SA and the Libyan Investment Authority, days after the bank agreed to pay 963 million euros ($1.06 billion) to resolve a related civil-bribery lawsuit.

The Libyan case hinged on a $58.4 million payment made by Societe Generale to  Leinada, a Panama-registered corporation owned by  Walid  Al-Giahmi.

[June 3 2013 SNC -Lavalin Algiers raided by police ]

Algerian police raid Algiers offices

Algerian police raid Algiers offices

Major construction by SNC-Lavalin in four desert gaz locations

Major construction by SNC-Lavalin in four desert gaz locations

Police in Algeria have raided the offices of SNC-Lavalin in the capital Algiers amid a probe into allegations of bribery and kickbacks involving public officials and agents hired by SNC-Lavalin to procure a number of large infrastructure projects.
SNC-Lavalin currently has a number of proposals and bids submitted on major projects in the country which have been quietly rejected by Algerian government officials. However, there has been no formal announcement by the government on whether SNC-Lavalin has been banned from bidding on projects.
“We have not been officially informed of any suspension of the right to bid nor to work on current projects, and are currently in discussions with the government to help them have a better understanding of the issues. SNC-Lavalin (TSX:SNC) confirmed that authorities searched its Algerian headquarters on May 27.
Quinton said police have not provided the company with any details of its search.
Algerian media say police are investigating an $825-million contract SNC-Lavalin won in 2005 to build the Hadjret Ennous power plant near Algiers.
The Algerian investigation flows from information gathered by the Swiss examining former SNC vice-president Riadh Ben Aissa, who has been jailed for more than a year without formal charges.
They linked Ben Aissa to Algerian consultant Farid Bedjaoui, who allegedly transferred about $200 million to Algerian leaders to help several firms win contracts with the country’s state-run petroleum company Sonatrach.
Bedjaoui was educated at Montreal’s HEC business school and is the nephew of former Algerian foreign affairs minister Mohammed Bedjaoui.

[March 27]

SNC-Lavalin executive vice-president Patrick Lamarre

SNC-Lavalin executive vice-president Patrick Lamarre

SNC-Lavalin has been awarded a contract by Groupe OCP S.A., a global leader in phosphates extraction. OCP S.A. was founded in 1920 and is headquartered in Casablanca, Morocco. The Group is a major factor in the Moroccan economy, representing 24% of the nation’s exports in 2010.
The training program will be delivered in four large new training centres currently being built by OCP. The extraction and treatment of phosphate rock takes place at our four mining centers (Khouribga, Youssoufia, Benguerir, Boucraâ-Laâyoune).

[March 17]
Canadian engineering giant SNC-Lavalin is facing a new scandal and a $1.24-million wrongful dismissal lawsuit alleging attempted coverups by executives involving millions of dollars in controversial payments to an agent it employed for a dam project in Angola.
This latest controversy over the payment of commissions to hired ‘agents’ in foreign countries involves SNC-Lavalin’s hydro power division and follows the surprising and seemingly benign resignation of executive vice-president Patrick Lamarre on Jan. 18, and the dismissal of three employees — John Brown, Jean-Pierre Mourez and their boss Joseph Salim, who filed the lawsuit earlier this week in Montreal.
Last spring, Swiss police and the RCMP raided the company’s Montreal headquarters in a probe alleging $160 million in improper payments tied to projects in Libya.
The company has characterized its troubles as being the result of a rogue employee, former executive vice-president of the construction division Riadh Ben Aïssa, who is in jail in Switzerland awaiting trial on charges of money laundering, and corruption of public officials tied to SNC-Lavalin business in North Africa.
But the wrongful dismissal suit directs attention at a different division, and alleges executives at the highest level of SNC-Lavalin directly instructed and attempted to subvert internal company controls to cover up a 10 per cent commission to be paid to an agency in Angola.

[March 13]

Stéphane Roy, who was vice-president comptroller for SNC-Lavalin

Stéphane Roy, who was vice-president comptroller for SNC-Lavalin

Riadh ben Aissa

Investigators are probing SNC’s operations in Algeria over bribes the company allegedly paid to secure at least $1-billion in contracts with oil producer Sonatrach. After Libya, Tunisia, Bangladesh, Mexico, Canada and Switzerland.
The man who held the purse strings for SNC-Lavalin, as it conducted business around the world from the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal to Gadhafi’s Great Man Made River in Libya, is suing the engineering firm for almost $1 million for wrongful dismissal and defamation.
Stéphane Roy, who was vice-president comptroller for SNC-Lavalin until he was fired on Feb. 9, 2012, in the wake of allegations of corruption and fraud within the company, says he has been made a scapegoat for following company directives and acting according to its “moral standards and expectations.”
“The defendant (referring to SNC-Lavalin) had created a corporate culture in which the common practice was to do whatever was necessary, including paying “commissions” and other benefits, to obtain contracts,” reads a lawsuit launched last Thursday in Quebec Superior Court, “including in Libya.”
Roy, who rose through the ranks of SNC-Lavalin over 15 years, reported directly to Riadh Ben Aissa — executive vice-president of SNC-Lavalin, who in turn reported to former CEO Pierre Duhaime.
Ben Aissa, who also left the company almost exactly one year ago, was arrested two months later in Switzerland, where he remains incarcerated. He has been charged with corrupting a public official, fraud and money laundering. Duhaime, who took early retirement in March, was arrested in November and formally charged on Monday with fraud and using a counterfeit document (a contract) to commit fraud against the MUHC.
The allegations relating to Roy and Ben Aissa go beyond the framework of the MUHC, however. An affidavit presented by the RCMP in support of a search warrant for SNC-Lavalin headquarters in April reveals that both men had unorthodox dealings with the Gadhafi family in Libya, in particular with Saadi Gadhafi — Moammar’s son.
According to the affidavit, Roy’s own home was searched by the RCMP on April 3 — one week before the raid on SNC headquarters — for emails, bank statements and expense accounts. The searches revealed that Roy hired an interior designer for Saadi Gadhafi’s condo in Toronto and SNC-Lavalin paid the designer’s fees — $202,333. Bank records show that Roy regularly paid Gadhafi’s condo fees out of his personal bank account — Roy himself declared that Ben Aissa later reimbursed him.
But the most troubling and serious allegations contained in the affidavit relate to Roy’s role in a so-called “fact-finding mission” to Libya, which the RCMP believe was intended to smuggle Saadi Gadhafi and his family out of Libya, then in the midst of a civil war, and into Mexico with false papers.
SNC-Lavalin provided the RCMP with documents that showed Roy had paid Cindy Vanier, a mediator from Ontario, more than $740,000 for the 10-day trip to Libya. (Vanier was arrested in Mexico in November 2011.) The RCMP also uncovered emails between Roy and Vanier in which they appear to discuss how to hide their true intentions and obtain false documents.
Roy, a financial comptroller, arrived in Mexico the day Vanier was arrested, and he met with Gabriela De Cueto, Vanier’s co-accused, the next day, ostensibly to drum up business on water projects for the firm. The meeting had lasted 10 minutes when De Cueto was arrested in the back of a car.
[March 13]

Gary Peters

Gary Peters

Gary Peters, 49, filed an application for leave and judicial review with the Toronto branch of Federal Court, allowing him to stay in the country temporarily while judges review the allegations against him.
Lawyers for the border services agency say Peters was complicit in war crimes while serving as a bodyguard to al-Saadi Gadhafi during the Libyan civil war. They also accuse Peters of engaging in people smuggling by helping al-Saadi escape Libya to neighbouring Niger.
Peters maintained his innocence throughout the deportation hearing, saying he was only doing his job as a paid bodyguard. He said the allegations of war crimes complicity were “unfair.”
A former associate of his, Cynthia Vanier, a negotiator specializing in aboriginal affairs originally of Mount Forest, is facing charges in Mexico for allegedly trying to smuggle al-Saadi Gadhafi into that country — charges she has repeatedly denied.
Peters said he provided security services to Vanier during a fact-finding mission in Libya with Quebec-based engineering firm SNC Lavalin, which had construction projects in the country.
The two parted ways in September 2011 and he said he only heard later that she’d been arrested.
Peters’ statement to the RCMP, which was taken on Jan. 18. On Feb. 1, Vanier was formally arrested. The indictment, sections of which have also been obtained by the Star, refers to this document repeatedly.
In it, Peters says Vanier spoke to him in May about obtaining travel documents for Saadi Gadhafi and his family with the help of De Cueto, an associate with Veritas.
“Around the month of May 2011, Cynthia Vanier stated that Gabriela De Cueto had high-ranking relations within the Mexican government and that she could provide legal documents that would enable Saadi, his wife and his two kids to move to Mexico for USD$100,000 per person,” said Peters in his statement.
By June, “Cynthia told me that this avenue could not be legally done, so for me, Mexico was no longer an option,” Peters said. Later in the questioning he said, “Gadhafi would have flown to Mexico in a legal fashion if at all feasible. But when it was discovered that it could not be done legally, the plan was abandoned.”
Peters was asked: “Do you think that Cynthia Vanier knew bringing Saadi Gadhafi in to Mexico from this point was illegal?”
He replied: “Yes, she knew. She was told by (De Cueto) who was the liaison between us and the Mexican contact.”
Peters said the plan was to be funded by SNC Lavalin as well as “different Saadi Gadhafi investments worldwide.”

A  Dalene Sanders

A Dalene Sanders

— The U.S. Treasury Department has imposed financial sanctions on a South African woman accused of supporting Saadi Gaddafi, the son of slain Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi. Dalene Sanders has been working to move money out of bank accounts held in Uganda on instruction from Saadi Qadhafi.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury designated Dalene Sanders for providing support and services to Saadi Qadhafi, son of former Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi. Saadi Qadhafi is currently believed to be in Niger and he was designated pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13566 on March 11, 2011. The United Nations also imposed sanctions on Saadi Qadhafi on March 17, 2011 in United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973. Dalene Sanders is being designated pursuant to E.O. 13566 because she has provided financial and material support to, as well as services in support of, Saadi Qadhafi. Additionally, Dalene Sanders is being designated for acting or purporting to act for or on behalf of Saadi Qadhafi.

[June 5]A Mexican judge was expected to decide this week whether to continue with the case against Ms. Vanier and her co-accused. She is facing four counts, including attempted human trafficking.

 Gabriela de Cueto, 48, a Mexican-born San Diego real estate agent.

Gabriela de Cueto, 48, a Mexican-born San Diego real estate agent.

Cynthia Vanier in custody in Chetumal, Mexico

Cynthia Vanier in custody in Chetumal, Mexico

[April 25] At an April 3 summit in Washington, D.C., with Prime Minister Stephen Harper and President Barack Obama, Mexican President Felipe Calderon cited the Gaddafi smuggling case as an example of successful security co-operation against transnational crime.

“The attempt to take to Mexico one of the children of Gaddafi, this implied an international and very North American operation because it was headed up by a Canadian businesswoman, who hired an American company, which hired in turn Mexican pilots and counterfeiters,”
[January 27]John and Betty MacDonald of Brampton, Ont., were allowed to visit their daughter in a Mexican prison for the first time on January 26
No charges have been laid against Vanier. Under Mexican law, a person can be held for periods of 40 days without being formally charged. Vanier’s second 40-day period is about to expire, and her parents don’t know what to expect. A spokesperson for Canadian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Diane Ablonczy issued the following statement on the Vanier case late January 26:

“Ms. Vanier faces very serious allegations. Canadian officials are providing consular assistance to Ms. Vanier and her family. Also, our officials have been liaising with local authorities and will continue to follow it closely.”

CBC News reported in December that the RCMP and the Canada Border Services Agency in September investigated and even briefly detained Vanier. But Canadian officials wouldn’t say why. here

Gary Peters

Gary Peters

 - XV Aniversario, Gabriela Estefania Davila Huerta,

– XV Aniversario, Gabriela Estefania Davila Huerta,

Pierre Christian Flensborg, from Denmark, was ‘the logistic liaison’ for the plan.

Pierre Christian Flensborg, from Denmark, was ‘the logistic liaison’ for the plan.

[December 24’11] Mexico has decided to hold Cynthia Vanier, who also goes by the name Cyndy, without charge at the Centro de Arraigos detention facility in Mexico City over Christmas, until Jan. 31st, extending provisions of her arrest orders. Vanier, a mediator from Mount Forest Ont., was arrested November 10 while in Mexico on vacation, the family says. Three other associates — two Mexican citizens and a Danish man — were arrested the next day. All have been held without charge under Mexico’s “preventative detention” laws, accused of plotting to move Saadi Gadhafi and three family members to Mexico using false identities and counterfeit travel documents.

[December 17]Gabriela Davila Huerta, who also goes by Gabriela de Cueto, owns a beach home in the Coronado Cays community, which features a private boat dock with an observation deck of the San Diego Bay, according to property records. Her Jaguar was parked there December 15, but no one answered the door. Cueto has been licensed by the state Department of Real Estate as a saleswoman since 2007. Co-workers at Foster Hamilton Real Estate Consultants on Fourth Avenue in San Diego said they had not seen her since August.

[December 11] A plot to smuggle al-Saadi Gaddafi, into Mexico was lead by a Canadian Chartered Mediator Cynthia Vanier. Saadi Gaddafi, the deceased colonel’s third son, is living under house arrest in the Western African country of Niger.
The plan was uncovered by Mexican intelligence agents in early September and the suspects were arrested and placed under house arrest

A Canadian who led a fact-finding mission to Libya last summer has been arrested in Mexico, and two partners of the U.S. private security contractor who supplied her plane are also in custody.
Gillispie is a partner in a holding company with two of those arrested in Mexico, Ms. Huerta and Mr. Flensborg.”

Gillispie reportedly told the paper that “Vanier, who still owed him $40,000 for the plane contract, had contacted him and asked to meet in Mexico City to discuss the debt. He said he sent his two partners to meet her and was ‘baffled’ by the arrests.”Gabriela Davila Huerta, also known as de Cueto[Gabriela Davila del Cueto ].She lived in the United States and served as the liaison to obtain the falsified Mexican identity documents.

Pierre Christian Flensborg, from Denmark, was ‘the logistic liaison’ for the plan.
The Danish jet-setting Pierre Christian Flensburg, who is arrested in connection with the dictator’s son Saadi Gaddafi’s flight plan to Mexico , has previously been at odds with the law – albeit in a somewhat more modest scale. Pierre Christian Flensburg, 32, was last in May 2011 convicted of theft of two pairs of designer jeans by the District Court in Houston, Texas, where he resides and, among other things, runs a nightclub.

The Department of Foreign Affairs in Ottawa confirmed the arrest of Cynthia Vanier and said consular officials at the Canadian embassy in Mexico City were gathering information from local authorities.

Also arrested were two partners of Gregory Gillispie, an ex-Marine who heads Veritas Worldwide Security, a San Diego-based company that offers, among other services, “clandestine operations,” “armed combat” and provision of weapons.

“Probably I guess about 10 days to two weeks ago she called and said that the person that has the authority to write the cheques, in other words the person that would pay her, is going to be in Mexico City, if we could come down there, we’ll get paid,” he said.

Mahmod Razwan said he went to Libya with Cynthia Vanier to assess humanitarian needs in the country.
“So two of my other partners went down there to meet Cindy and this financier, is what you’d call him. And now I’m being told that my two partners have been incarcerated,” he said. “I don’t understand what this is all about.”

He said he found out about the arrests on Sunday but isn’t sure when they occurred. He said the detained men are his business partners in an aviation brokerage company. He doesn’t know why they are being held. “They’re basically victims of circumstance.”

Mexican prosecutors did not respond by deadline to questions about why Ms. Vanier was being held. Her lawyer, Paul Copeland, said he also did not know. “I am aware that my client is in custody in Mexico. I do not at this point have any details as to the basis of her arrest. I am waiting to near from the lawyers in Mexico.”

Ms. Vanier runs Vanier Consulting Ltd., incorporated in 2009 in Mount Forest, Ont. The company website describes her as a negotiator, mediator, fact-finder and consultant who works mostly with First Nations.

Gary Peters provided security on Mahmod Razwan’s and Cynthia Vanier’s trip.
It also says she has international experience in anti-terrorism and as a “negotiator in complex multi-cultural issues and hostage taking situations in Canada, the U.S., Mexico, Bahamas and elsewhere.”

During the anti-Gaddafi revolution in Libya, she got a contract from an undisclosed financier to travel to Tripoli on a fact-finding expedition and began assembling a team. Mr. Gillispie said his company was contracted to supply a private plane for the trip.

The Veritas website says Mr. Gillispie has a background in special forces and has been awarded the Purple Heart. It describes him as “a highly decorated, repeatedly proven combat leader.” He said he provided Vanier use of the jet and two Mexican pilots for just over $80,000.

Mahmod Razwan, a Windsor, Ont., insurance broker and president and founder of the Canadian Libyan Friendship Association, also said he was contacted by Ms. Vanier, who asked him to join the expedition as a translator.

“They came and they said, ‘Yes, we work with Foreign Affairs and with United Nations and we could help there.’ And I said, ‘That’s fine, anybody wants to help these poor people I’ll be more than happy to assist.’ And that’s exactly what took place.”

Mr. Razwan said the purpose of the trip was to assess humanitarian needs. He said he did not know who paid for it. “It’s not my business,” he said. “If you invited me for a coffee … I’m not going to say how you going to pay for it, with Mastercard or Visa?”

Security for the trip was provided by Gary Peters, CEO of Can/Aust Security and Investigations International in Cambridge, Ont. A former Australian soldier, Mr. Peters has been a member of the Gaddafi family’s security team.

They boarded the jet in Ontario. Before crossing the Atlantic, the plane put down in Gander, Nfld., and Mr. Razwan said Canadian authorities spent considerable time talking to him and the Mexican pilots.

Mr. Razwan said he had once been on the U.S. “no-fly” list but said that was routine and his name had been removed. “That’s normal, many Libyans are,” he said of being on the list. “It was deleted now so I’m OK.”

Eventually allowed to proceed, their route took them to Pristina, Kosovo and Tunis, Tunisia. In Tripoli, Mr. Razwan said the team met Libyans and toured sites that had been bombed by NATO warplanes.

He said the fact-finding team and its security detail were well behaved and Libyans were glad to see them. “I felt privileged to be part of a group that I believed was ultimately there for humanitarian purposes.”

Mr. Razwan said he left the mission after two days and spent the rest of the trip visiting family. Tripoli was then mostly controlled by pro-Gaddafi forces but Mr. Razwan said he went to rebel-held areas as well. “Why not? As far as I was concerned they were all Libyans after all.” He said he was not paid for the trip.

After he returned to Canada, Mr. Razwan said he was questioned by RCMP officers in Windsor. “They came to me and they were very nice people, asking questions,” he said of the police. He said they had asked him about Mr. Peters, among other topics.

Mr. Peters returned to Canada on the jet but said he went back to Libya in August and helped Muammar Gaddafi’s son Saadi escape Tripoli to Niger in a convoy. He said he was caught in an ambush after crossing back into Libya and was shot in the shoulder.

Ms. Vanier said in an email to the National Post last month that Mr. Peters had been hired “to provide security and close protection for my fact finding mission in July. Saadi Gaddafi did not fund any of the work that I have done.

“Since I was the fact finder I have full knowledge of who my client is and can confirm that no funds have ever been provided by anyone on an asset freeze or travel ban list. As had been requested I provided a report to a branch of the Canadian government upon my return.” She did not say which branch or who had financed the trip.

According to Mr. Gillispie, he has so far been paid only half the agreed-upon amount for brokering the plane. “We’ve tried and tried and tried to get paid,” he said. “She always gives us this story that she’s working for the Canadian government, she works for the UN, and they’re the ones that control the purse strings.”

Then she contacted him to say the financier, whom she referred to as the “vice-president,” was to be in Mexico City and if they could all meet, Mr. Gillispie would get paid, he said. He said his partners were already planning to be there at that time so he agreed.

“On the surface that sounds kind of unusual, but we do a lot of business in Mexico and we’re there quite frequently,” he said. “It wasn’t like bells and whistles were going off.”

a Canadian company, Can/Aust Security and Investigations International, approached private security contractors in Ontario, offering $1,000-a-day to join the team that would pick up the 38-year-old Gaddafi and fly him, his wife and children out of Libya.

The estate is not in Gaddafi’s name and local realtors said they had not heard about it. But Can/Aust CEO Gary Peters told the National Post he was involved in the operation to bring the Libyan dictator’s third son to the Punta Mita property.

Mr. Peters said he had been to the property twice — once to view it and again when it was handed over. He would not identify it further, saying he did not want people snooping and that it likely would be sold soon anyway.

one Gregory Gillespie

one Gregory Gillespie

M/Sgt Gregory L. Gillispie, USMC

M/Sgt Gregory L. Gillispie, USMC

M/Sgt Greg Gillispie USMC

M/Sgt Greg Gillispie USMC

Saltillo, Coahuila .- Joanna Karla Huerta Davila celebrated its 15 years accompanied by their loved ones on a ranch south of town. The birthday came along with her parents, Gabriela Huerta and Juan Carlos Davila, Gabriela

Saltillo, Coahuila .- Joanna Karla Huerta Davila celebrated its 15 years accompanied by their loved ones on a ranch south of town. The birthday came along with her parents, Gabriela Huerta and Juan Carlos Davila, Gabriela

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Wives who witnessed death of Osama now in Saudi

59729755_011956408-1After a year in Pakistani detention, Khairiah, Seham and Amal, who had all witnessed the killing of their husband, were deported, along with 11 children and grandchildren, to Saudi Arabia. Today they live in a compound outside Jeddah.


[Maech 31 2013 bin Laden wife’s story: Amal Abdulfattah stayed in Karachi, Swat, Haripur, Abbotabad ]

 Pakistani security personnel stand guard March 30 outside the house in Islamabad where family members of slain al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden are thought to be held.

Pakistani security personnel stand guard March 30 outside the house in Islamabad where family members of slain al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden are thought to be held.

Amal Abdul Fattah Salah Ahmed

Amal Abdul Fattah Salah Ahmed

Amal Ahmed Abdul Fatah aka Amal Ahmed al-Sadah aka Amal Ahmed Abdullfattah

Amal Ahmed Abdul Fatah aka Amal Ahmed al-Sadah aka Amal Ahmed Abdullfattah

Amal Abdulfattah told the investigators that she got married to Osama before 9/11, but did not specify any date. According to her, Osama was living with his three wives, including her, and some Arab families. Then came 9/11 and the family scattered.

“She stayed in a flat in Karachi for almost 8/9 months and all the things were arranged by some Pakistani families and Saad, elder son of Osama, was coordinating all the things,” the report said.

She told the investigators that during her stay in Karachi she changed her residence six or seven times. The investigators say they have not been able to trace Saad.

According to the JIT report, after their reunion in Peshawar Osama and Amal went to Swat where they stayed for 8/9 months.

Thereafter they stayed in Haripur for two years and subsequently shifted to Abbottabad and lived there for almost six years till the time Osama was killed.

Amal’s eldest daughter, Safia, was born in Kandahar in 2001. Aasia and Ibrahim were born in Haripur in a government hospital and Zainab and Hussain in Abbottabad.

The report discloses that Osama’s family lived in Pakistan with the families of two Pakistanis, Ibrahim and Abrar.

Investigators told Dawn that the two Pakistani men had fake identity cards from Sargodha and their real identities were never ascertained because they were killed during the US raid on Osama’s compound in Abbottabad.

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Kony search abandoned by U.S., Uganda


U.S. Special Forces, after a five-year, $780 million hunt in Central Africa, are apparently nearing a decision to abandon their effort to catch Joseph Kony and the Lord’s Resistance Army U.S. forces now number some 150. They arrived following the global publicization of the LRA’s atrocities in the “Kony 2012” campaign, a short film that went viral. The U.S. troops joined with forces of the CAR, DRC, South Sudan and Uganda in an effort to surround and capture Mr. Kony and his band. They never succeeded, partly due to the difficult terrain within which the LRA operates, and partly due to the likely infiltration of the various African forces by personnel who reported to the LRA, helping Mr. Kony evade capture.

This week, Uganda announced that it, too, would be withdrawing troops from the Central African Republic, or CAR, where forces have been searching for Kony.

Uganda said the LRA is now ineffective.


[May 15, 2016  Kony:Ringed by shipping containers and concertina wire, U.S. base Obo, CAR]

Obo Central African Republic: The Special Forces camp was small by the standards of other conflicts—only a dozen tents and none of the guard towers and heavy weapons. Ringed by shipping containers and concertina wire, the American’s tan tents were built on wood foundations. An American flag flew on a pole near the center of the camp. The sounds of helicopters coming and going provided the camp’s soundtrack. A small detachment of helicopters were based across a runway made of crushed red volcanic rock. Flown by contractors, the helicopters ferried joint American-Ugandan patrols into the bush. Both camps sat on top of a plateau that overlooked miles of jungle, a reminder of just how remote Obo was. The men were living on the remote military bases used by an African Union task force hunting Kony. They are working closely with the soldiers providing intelligence and greeting defectors fresh from the bush. Once on opposite sides, they now live, work, and eat side-by-side with their former pursuers. It wasn’t uncommon to see the defectors sitting elbow-to-elbow with the American Special Forces soldiers in the dining hall.

[April 30 2012 Special Ops Nzara, South Sudan; and Obo Central African Republic ]

Special Ops Nzara, South Sudan

Special Ops Nzara, South Sudan

Special Ops Obo,Central African Republic

Special Ops Obo,Central African Republic

Dungu, Congo

Dungu, Congo

U.S. contingent Obo  in the Central African Republic.

U.S. contingent Obo in the Central African Republic.

About half of the U.S. contingent is based at a joint operations center near the international airport in Entebbe, Uganda. The rest of the troops are divided among four far-flung camps in Dungu, Congo; Nzara, South Sudan; and Obo and Djema in the Central African Republic. wapo

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Prince met with Putin aide




Trump supporter Erik Prince reportedly met Russian close to Putin in meeting coordinated with United Arab Emirates officials

[February 17 Prince’s Frontier Services contracting with Chinese]

Erik Prince — founder of the private military company Blackwater, financial backer of President Donald Trump, brother to the new Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, has been offering his military expertise to support Chinese government objectives and setting up Blackwater-style training camps in two Chinese provinces

Frontier Services Group said all of its security services were unarmed and therefore not regulated. “FSG’s services do not involve armed personnel or training armed personnel.” The training at the Chinese bases would “help non-military personnel provide close protection security, without the use of arms.”
Asked about Frontier’s claim that Prince was planning “unarmed” security projects, both sources dismissed it, and emphasized that was not their understanding. It is “ridiculous,” said one.
“Are they using sonic weapons,” joked the other. “Is it psychic powers?”

[January 17]

Erik Prince, the chairman of Hong Kong stock exchange-listed Frontier Services Group (FSG) and ex-CEO of Blackwater, private security firm which gained notoriety during the invasion of Iraq and who now leads FSG,a Hong Kong company aiming to play a key role in China’s “new Silk Road” initiative , received a “personal invitation” to the inauguration of US President Donald Trump.  Prince has described his relationship with the newly installed 45th president as one of “mutual respect” but rejected suggestions that he is offering advice on intelligence matters to Trump.

[January 18 ]

Erik Prince has been advising the Trump team on matters related to intelligence and defense, including weighing in on candidates for the defense and state departments says a former senior U.S. official who has advised the Trump transition. . Prince sold Blackwater and now heads up a Hong Kong-based company known as Frontier Services Group.

[June 7 2011 Reflex Responses: State refuses to say whether licensed ]

R2 president, Michael Roumi

R2 president, Michael Roumi

A State Department spokesman said the Obama administration was aware of R2’s operations, but would not say whether the company was operating with licenses from the department.
In letters sent to lawmakers and Obama administration officials, the head of Reflex Responses, a company based in Abu Dhabi, said that Mr. Prince “has no ownership stake whatsoever” in the business.

“He is not an officer, director, shareholder, or even an employee of R2,” wrote the company’s president, Michael Roumi, referring to the company by its common name.
Five former employees, speaking on condition of anonymity because they had signed confidentiality agreements, said Mr. Prince had overseen the hiring of American military and law enforcement veterans for the project, as well as European and South African contractors. They said he made occasional trips to the desert camp where the foreign troops, many of them Colombians, were being trained. And some of R2’s top managers had worked with Mr. Prince at Blackwater.

The former employees said that Mr. Prince took pains to mask his role in the operation, and that his name did not appear on contract documents between R2 and the U.A.E. that were provided to The Times. R2’s origins and affiliations are unclear; most corporate records are not public in Abu Dhabi. R2’s commercial license lists two other companies as partners, and the name of a third business was posted outside the office suite R2 had been using in the last year.

American laws governing the export of defense technology are murky, but American citizens involved in training foreign troops run legal risks if the State Department does not grant permits for the training. A State Department spokesman said the Obama administration was aware of R2’s operations, but would not say whether the company was operating with licenses from the department.
NYT Corrections
An article on May 15 about efforts to build a battalion of foreign mercenary troops in the United Arab Emirates referred imprecisely to the role played by Erik Prince, the founder of the security firm Blackwater Worldwide. He worked to oversee the effort and recruit troops. But Mr. Prince does not run or own the company Reflex Responses, which has a contract with the government of the U.A.E. to train and deliver the troops, according to the company president, Michael Roumi. An article on May 16 repeated the error.

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Egypt: Frost on Arab Spring

 Sisi Poster

Sisi Poster

local politicians can secure a level of consent from the population that cannot be achieved by force alone


[January 29 2014  ]

“Now in Egypt you are a long way from the ideal anyway, so what you want is some regular electoral process in which people who want to have power accept the legitimacy of elections as a means to getting power,” Masoud said.

“If we can just have a few free and fair elections that are not abrogated … maybe that’s the best you can hope for in Egypt right now.”
The influence of local notables over voting habits, especially in rural towns and villages, where most people live, is likely to remain widespread for years to come.

With many of Mursi’s followers in jail or driven underground, and liberal parties unable to challenge Sisi, there are few forces in a position to overhaul the system.

Mubarak’s National Democratic Party, which was banned after the 2011 uprising, was never ideological, like the Communist parties in Eastern Europe. Instead the party was an efficient vehicle for distributing patronage.

Sisi, whose image hangs on posters across Shebin El Kom, may have to depend in the long-term on local politicians who can secure a level of consent from the population that cannot be achieved by force alone.
[Jan 06]

General Abdel Fattah al Sisi  Trial of Morsi set for January 28

General Abdel Fattah al Sisi
Trial of Morsi set for January 28

Fitch Ratings has revised the Outlook on Egypt’s Long-term foreign and local currency Issuer Default Ratings (IDR) to Stable from Negative and affirmed the IDRs at ‘B-‘. A referendum on a new constitution in January is intended to pave the way for presidential and parliamentary elections later in 2014. Nevertheless, serious political tensions remain. Society is deeply polarised, political parties are weak and the security situation in North Sinai has worsened. Medium Reduced political disruption and a greater availability of foreign exchange, combined with fiscal and monetary stimulus, are supporting a tentative improvement in the economy.


US Secretary of State John Kerry in November Cairo visit

US Secretary of State John Kerry in November Cairo visit

The central bank has cut interest rates three times by a total of 150 basis points since July, stressing growth over inflation and cutting borrowing costs for the heavily indebted state. Urban consumer prices rose 13 percent in November year on year.

“For them keeping the currency stable or slightly appreciating was their only way of fighting inflation,” said one Cairo-based currency trader.

“The premium between unofficial and official rate has been widening now to about 8 percent. They’re trying to close that gap.”

[December 9]
Egyptian officials are seeking financing from an unidentified Persian Gulf country to buy as much as $4 billion of Russian arms. Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait have pledged at least $12 billion to Egypt’s new government.

“The only issue is Egypt’s ability to pay,” Igor Korotchenko, [a] member of the Defense Ministry’s advisory board, said by phone from Moscow. “Russia is prepared to supply a wide range of arms to meet Egypt’s requirements.”

Washington has said it would consider resuming some of the suspended aid depending on Egypt’s progress in following the interim government’s plans to hold elections – a plan the government says it is committed to seeing through.

Seeking to mend fences with Egypt, US Secretary of State John Kerry expressed guarded optimism about a return to democracy during a Nov. 3 visit to Cairo.

A Western diplomat in Cairo said the prospect of the United States resuming aid early next year was one factor diminishing the chances of a major new defense deal with Moscow.

[December 3]

Egypt's interim president Adly Mansour, center, with Defense Minister Colonel General Abdul Fattah Sisi, left, and Chief of Staff Sedki Sobhi. ( October 6, 2013)

Egypt’s interim president Adly Mansour, center, with Defense Minister Colonel General Abdul Fattah Sisi, left, and Chief of Staff Sedki Sobhi. ( October 6, 2013)

The anti-Brotherhood UAE, home to around 380,000 Egyptian expatriates and a major Arab investor in Egypt, withheld billions of dollars in aid after the 2011 overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak, a close ally of most Gulf Arab states.

Now that Mubarak’s successors have themselves been deposed, it is the turn of Qatar-Egyptian business ties to undergo a period of disruption, and for other investors to step in.    Egypt’s ambassador to the UAE, Ihab Hamouda, said the Gulf state was spearheading a number of potential projects to be discussed with Gulf investors at the Cairo forum.

Companies such as Al Futtaim Group, Taqa Arabia, Arabtec Holdings, Almarai, Dana Gas, Emaar Properties and DP World will participate.

Kerry also said November 19 that the greatest threat to America is not a “rising rival,” but the “risks that would arise in the world where American leadership ceases to be a driving force.”

He said the gravest danger “comes from the vacuum that the absence of leadership would create for autocrats and extremists to exploit. All of us know that these risks are real and unpredictable.”    The Muslim Brotherhood and Mohamed Morsi, elected to the presidency in June 2012, had filled a power vacuum left by the “Arab Spring” revolt that brought down longtime Egyptian strongman Hosni Mubarak in 2011.   U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said that the Egyptian revolution was “stolen” from the youth who started it by the Muslim Brotherhood.

[October 17]
Egypt has up to $4 billion in outstanding contractual commitments to be paid by cash-flow financing, or more than three years’ worth of State Department’s Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program with Egypt -. DSCA has reportedly delayed delivery of four F-16s and ten Apache helicopters.

Cairo is believed to be current with its payments to contractors through October. Should Washington continue to prevent delivery of equipment, however, U.S. taxpayers would become responsible for meeting the obligation. And if contracts with Egypt are terminated altogether, the cancellation costs due to American companies may be funded from the FMF; more likely, though, the U.S. government would hold onto the equipment until the transfer could be made.


Supporters of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi have attacked churches in Dilga, Menya and Sohag after government security forces backed by armoured cars and bulldozers stormed protest camps outside Cairo’s Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque.

The Churches of Abraham and the Virgin Mary in Menya were burning after Morsi supporters set fire to the outside of the building exteriors and smashed through doors. At least 1,000 pro-Morsi protesters were involved in the attack before police armed with teargas dispersed them.

Muslim Brotherhood members also threw firebombs at Mar Gergiss church in Sohag, a city with a large community of Coptic Christians who represents up to 10 percent of Egypt’s 84 million people, causing it to burn down.

Protesters threw molotov cocktails at the Bon Pasteur Catholic Church and Monastery in Suez, setting it ablaze and breaking windows.

Clashes raged for most of the day around the main camp near Cairo’s Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque. By evening the security forces had finally seized full control of the site, and were allowing surviving protesters to leave.

But several Muslim Brotherhood leaders were reportedly detained, including Essam El-Erian.

Most of the dead are thought to be Morsi supporters, but members of the security forces were also killed.


Hours after the operation began, Egyptian government spokemen said they had cleared the smaller of two encampments at Nahda Square near Cairo University. But protesters at the larger camp around the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in the northeastern suburb of Nasr City remained defiant but seemed to be under siege by vastly superior forces seeking to uproot them, deploying armored vehicles, bulldozers, tear gas, snipers and helicopters in a sustained and bloody operation that seemed to surprise some protesters with its ferocity.

While Egyptians broadly consider Mr. Mubarak’s autocracy to have been fundamentally illegitimate, Mr. Morsi is now under investigation for his own escape from political imprisonment and his work in the Islamist political opposition that helped to topple Mr. Mubarak in 2011.

Mr. Morsi is being held at an undisclosed location. The military authorities have taken steps toward his criminal prosecution on charges relating to his activities during the revolution that ousted his predecessor, Hosni Mubarak.

[August 13]
Shadi Hamid, director of research for the Brookings Doha Center in Qatar, said, “Liberals see the Muslim Brotherhood as a fundamental threat to all they hold dear, and that takes precedent above all else.”

“This hatred of the Muslim Brotherhood by many liberals has become so visceral, it is hard to understand from the outside. It is so intense that they would support a forced dispersal of the protests, even if it involves the killing of unarmed civilians,” Hamid added.

James Traub, a fellow at the Center on International Cooperation, wrote in Foreign Policy magazine, “Perhaps we in the West were confused by the word ‘liberal,’ which we associate with a tolerant and dispassionate attitude towards difference. . . . When the stakes feel truly dire, as they do in Egypt, liberalism itself can become a form of zealotry.”

U.S. Military arms sales to Egypt

U.S. Military arms sales to Egypt

Oct. 2009 24 F-16 fighter aircraft $3.2 billion Lockheed Martin Fort Worth TX
July 2011 125 M1A1 Abrams tanks $1.3 billion General Dynamics; Honeywell; Allison Transmission MI / AZ / IN
Oct. 2003 Co-production M1A1 Abrams tanks $920 million General Dynamics Sterling Heights MI
Sept. 2007 125 M1A1 Abrams tanks $889 million General Dynamics Sterling Heights MI
May 2009 12 Apache helicopters $820 million Boeing Mesa AZ
Dec. 2009 156 fighter plane engines $760 million GE Aviation Cincinnati OH
July 2001 M1A1 Abrams tanks $590 million General Dynamics Sterling Heights MI
July 2004 Three fast-missile craft $565 million Vision Technology-Marine Gulfport MS
Aug. 2001 Rocket Systems (MLRS) $354 million Lockheed Martin Missile and Fire Control Dallas TX
Sept. 2008 6,900 anti-armor missiles $319 million Raytheon Tucson AZ
Aug. 2009 6 Chinook helicopters $308 million Boeing Philadelphia PA
Feb. 2002 Close-In Weapons Systems (CIWS) $255 million Boeing St. Charles MO
Dec. 2009 Fast-missile craft $240 million VT Halter Marine Gulfport MS
July 2010 Knox-class frigates $210 million VSC Global Alexandria VA
July 2005 self-propelled howitzers $181 million United Defense York PA
Sept. 2008 4 Blackhawk helicopters $167 million Sikorsky Aircraft Stratford CT
May 2002 CH-47C Chinook upgrade $155 million Boeing Philadelphia PA
Dec. 2009 20 anti-ship cruise missiles $145 million Boeing St. Louis MO
June 2005 25 Avenger Fire Units $126 million Boeing Huntsville AL
Sept. 2007 139 RIM-116B missiles $125 million Raytheon Tucson AZ
Sept. 2002 Hellfire II missiles $122 million Lockheed Martin Electronics and Missiles Orlando FL
Sept. 2003 Multi-Purpose Wheeled Trucks $109 million AM General South Bend IN
July 2004 UpgradesChinook helicopters $108 million Boeing Philadelphia PA
Sept. 2002 Gulfstream G-IV SP aircraft $102 million Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation Savannah GA
Oct. 2007 2,000 TOW missiles $99 million Raytheon Tucson AZ
Sept. 2001 Wheeled bulldozers $98 million
Sept. 2003 21 vehicle kits guns $96 million United Defense York PA
July 2004 Three C-130H aircraft $94 million Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Marietta GA
Oct. 2007 164 Stinger missiles $83 million Raytheon Tucson AZ
July 2010 40 Skyguard transmittors $77 million Raytheon Tewksbury MA
Nov. 2001 Overhaul 155mm howitzers $77 million United Defense York PA
Oct. 2007 2 E-2C surveillance aircraft $75 million Northrop Grumman Bethpage NY
June 2005 50 engines for Chinooks $73 million Honeywell Phoenix AZ
July 2002 Six (TARS) Pods $70 million BAE Systems Syosset NY
Sept. 2008 120-mm tank rounds $67 million General Dynamics St. Petersburg FL
July 2003 C130H-based ELINT Systems $60 million Lockheed Martin ISR Systems Englewood CO
Sept. 2003 120mm (APFSDS-T) cartridges $54 million General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems St. Petersburg FL
Dec. 2009 400 Hellfire missiles $51 million Hellfire Limited Orlando FL
July 2003 AIM9M-1/2Sidewinder missiles $50 million Raytheon Systems Corporation Tucson AZ
Sept. 2002 UH-60L VIP Blackhawk helicopter $47 million United Technologies, Sikorsky Aircraft Stratford CT
Sept. 2002 AN/MPQ-64 radar systems $44 million Thales Raytheon Systems El Segundo CA

SOURCE: Defense Security Cooperation Agency. – The Washington Post. Published July 25, 2013.

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Egypt would not intervene in Libya?


[March 8 ]

Prasident Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi stressed March 7 that Egypt would not intervene militarily in turmoil-stricken Libya, describing the neighbouring country as a “sovereign state.”
“History won’t forget our stance if we decide to interfere in Libya,”
[February 9 200 million sought for Libyan intervention ]

Bavy in Western Med

MEDITERRANEAN SEA (Jan. 24, 2016) Sonar Technician (Surface) 3rd Class Amy Palmer from Midland, Texas, stands watch in sonar control aboard USS Carney (DDG 64) Jan. 24, 2016. Carney, an Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer, forward deployed to Rota, Spain, is conducting a routine patrol in the U. S. 6th Fleet area of operations in support of U.S. national security interests in Europe.

The Pentagon is seeking $200 million in the 2017 budget for counterterrorism operations in Libya and other portions of North and West Africa, but Defense Secretary Ash Carter said February 9 that Libyans must take the lead in eliminating the Islamic State threat in their country.
The new funding provides the first concrete indication of what the U.S. military may do to battle the threat, including expanded drone and surveillance flights, strikes and other operations. And it is the first time that the Pentagon has included a separate increase for operations against the Islamic State in Africa. There were no details on how the money would be spent.

[February 2 Libyan intervention trial balloons ]

“Action in Libya is needed before Libya becomes a sanctuary for ISIL, before they become extremely hard to dislodge,” a US defence official said last month, using one of several names for IS.    “The failure of the political process and the simultaneous escalation of IS activities in Libya made all of this much more likely” in recent weeks, said Mattia Toaldo of the European Council on Foreign Relations.    For Toaldo, intervention will be along the lines of in Syria: “air strikes, some drones, some special operation troops on the ground”. Military intervention “will focus on ISIS rather than on Libya as a whole,” said Toaldo. “This makes it easier for European prime ministers who will be able in some cases to avoid parliamentary votes on this.” US officials believe Italy, the former colonial power in Libya, could lead an international operation. France and Britain, who like the US joined the NATO intervention against Kadhafi in 2011, also plan to take part.

[January 29 Libyan army denies British and US soldiers are helping fight against Isis ]


The Libyan army denies that British and US soldiers are helping fight against Isis, even after a picture of troops in civilian clothes was posted on its Facebook page.

MOD:”We have an advance force on the ground who will make an assessment of the situation and identify where attacks should be made and highlight the threats to our forces.”


[January 28 Our Special Forces in Libya  NOT “so-called “shaping operations” that precede imminent combat”]

MR. COOK: Jennifer.

Q: Can you — can you rule out U.S. boots on the ground going to Libya? Is that (inaudible) discussion?

MR. COOK: You — you know the situation right now. We’ve had — acknowledged that there have been some U.S. forces in Libya trying to establish contact with forces on the ground so that we get a clear picture of what’s happening there.

But beyond that, it’s — again, we’re going to consider all of our options going forward. Right now, that’s not something that’s — that’s under consideration.

Cook acknowledged that the “metastasis” of Isis beyond its primary base in Iraq and Syria has prompted the Pentagon to revisit the question of a renewed war in Libya.

A “small group” of US forces had made contact with Libyan militiamen, “simply to get a sense of who the players are”, Cook said, amid a fractured security landscape with multiple and overlapping combatants.

Although the US personnel are likely to be special operations forces, Cook did not specify how many of them had taken part in the mission, nor if they were still operating in Libya. Cook portrayed the contact as closer to a broad assessment mission than the so-called “shaping operations” that precede imminent combat.

“We are extremely worried about the metastasis of Isil in a number of locations, Libya being just one of those locations,” Cook said.

Read more

[December 2 2015 ISIS sympathizers have begun calling on volunteers to travel to join ISIS in Libya\

Social media accounts run by ISIS sympathizers have begun calling on volunteers to travel to join ISIS in Libya instead of Syria and Iraq. according to eight experts appointed by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.    “while the group is benefiting from the appeal and notoriety of ISIL in Iraq and Syria, it is only one player among multiple warring factions in Libya and faces strong resistance from the population, as well as difficulties in building and maintaining local alliances.”



[July 15 2014 Libya becoming haven for Militants]

French leaving Mali?

French leaving Mali?

In a sign of how dangerous the situation in Libya has become, the United Nations pulled its staff out of the country on July 11.
The Libyan south of this vast desert country has become a haven for Islamist militants kicked out of Mali by French forces earlier this year
Western security experts say the lawless desert expanses of southern Algeria, Libya and northern Mali form a corridor for smugglers and Islamist militants travelling across the region.
France’s defense minister says the French military operation in Mali “fulfilled its mission” and is being reorganized into a regional force against terrorists across northwest Africa. France intervened 18 months ago after al-Qaida-linked extremists seized a swath of the former French colony. Operation Serval was repeatedly extended to help Mali’s government regain control, and is expected to end soon — perhaps this week when French President Francois Hollande visits Africa.

[September 9 2011]

Ghat, Ghwat, Libya

Ghat, Ghwat, Libya

Ghat, Ghwat, Libya

Ghat, Ghwat, Libya

Each year, only a handful of hardcore tourists or intrepid business people would venture down to Ghat, a small town that seems to lie on the very edge of the known world. From here you can make out the Jebel Acacus mountain range that cuts through south-western Libya. An Ottoman-era fort briefly occupied by the French after the second world war overlooks a jumble of abandoned mud houses, their former residents now occupying newer bungalows in this isolated Saharan outpost.

It was through this forgotten corner of the country that a caravan of Mercedes carrying Muammar Gaddafi’s wife, daughter and two of his less politically active sons crossed into Algeria in late August. Last week, another armed convoy – this time carrying senior Gaddafi regime members – probably passed through Ghat on its way to Niger. Some have asked how Nato could have failed to spot the convoy of vehicles that crossed into Niger last week. But fleets of battered trucks have criss-crossed Libya’s porous borders for years, transporting human and commercial cargo along what is essentially a 21st-century caravan route. Without trusted spotters on the ground – practical on the coast, less so in the desert – it is hard to tell whether they are friend or foe. guardian blog
Libya’s fugitive leader Muammar Gaddafi has dismissed as lies and psychological warfare the speculation that he has fled south to neighbouring Niger.He was speaking by phone to a pro-Gaddafi TV channel in Syria, apparently from inside Libya. Niger really is in a dilemma. It is a poor country, relative to Libya, and for many years now, a whole tissue of relationships have built up with Col Gaddafi’s Libya. His organisations and agencies have been investing here, in terms of business and aid operations and so on. Hundreds of thousands of Niger citizens are seeking work in Libya. Niger’s foreign minister, Mohamed Bazoum, said several Libyan convoys of 10 vehicles each have entered his country in the last few days, September 7, but none included Gaddafi. Niger would hand him over to the rebels if he did make it across the border, Bazoum said, according to Algeria’s state news agency. The man leading the hunt for Gaddafi, rebel Hisham Buhagiar, said September 6 that he had evidence Gaddafi may have been near the southern village of Ghat, north of the border with Niger, three days ago. As Foreign Policy’s Blake Hounshell tweeted yesterday, “BREAKING: Gaddafi is either in Niger, Burkina Faso, Venezuela, South Africa, Bani Walid, Sirte, Tripoli, or a hole in the desert somewhere.”

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