Saudi forces took control of Aden after Emirati troops withdrew. The move seemingly paved the way for ending the crisis that had exposed differences between Riyadh and Abu Dhabi over how to proceed in the wider war that has been in military stalemate for years. The pact to end the Aden standoff would be signed in Riyadh on October 17 2019. The two sides fell out in August, with the UAE-backed separatist Southern Transition Council seizing control of Aden.
[August 11 2019 no military solution ]
The UAE scaled down its presence in Yemen because the UAE accepted there could be no military solution due to global criticism of coalition air strikes that have killed civilians and the humanitarian crisis.
Separatists, who want to split from the north and are backed by the United Arab Emirates, effectively seized Aden by taking over the government’s military bases on August 10 2019. This is not the first separatist uprising. They seized Aden in January 2018. North and South Yemen united into a single state in 1990. The conflict is widely seen as a proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
“Recruiting separate militias across the south … was always playing with fire.” said Elisabeth Kendall of Oxford University.
[July 11 2019 UAE drawdown ]
A UAE official confirmed the drawdown to journalists in an 8 July briefing in Dubai but denied it was prompted by the Iran situation, The Emiratis are withdrawing their forces at a scale and speed that all but rules out further ground advances, a belated recognition that a grinding war that has killed thousands of civilians and turned Yemen into a humanitarian disaster is no longer winnable.
[April 4 2019 War Powers resolution against Yemen war goes to President ]
May 2, 2019 – The U.S. Senate on Thursday sustained President Donald Trump’s veto of a resolution
The Senate voted March 13 2019 to curtail US military support for a Saudi-led war in Yemen, which has created a humanitarian crisis in that country, a vote seen as a rebuke of President Donald Trump’s Middle East policies. The vote was 54 to 46 with seven Republicans voting with Democrats.
The April 4 2019 247-175 vote in the House marks the first time in history that a War Powers resolution will reach the president’s desk. Some Republicans have viewed the Yemen War Powers resolution as a way to send a message to Trump about his handling of Khashoggi’s grisly October 2018 murder.
Congress hereby directs the President to remove United States Armed Forces from hostilities in or affecting the Republic of Yemen, except United States Armed Forces engaged in operations directed at al Qaeda or associated forces,