Saudi Arabia and the UAE are waging on Yemeni soil against their archenemy Iran, which backs the Houthi rebels. The United Arab Emirates bought themselves a war — they pay for the men, the weapons, the ammunition, the food and the medical care. But they aren’t waging the war themselves, instead having created a finely tuned system of military subcontractors: Yemeni militias that have been trained by Emirati elite units but who are under the leadership of a former Australian general “retired major general Mike Hindmarsh, who is the commander of the UAE’s presidential guard..” In addition, there are also 3,000 Sudanese soldiers who have been rented directly from the government in Khartoum.
But the militias are still merely the product of money. And what they lack, the Houthis have in abundance: loyalty, discipline and a common belief in something, as crazy as it may be. Delusion can also foment cohesion.
[June 16 2018 Emirati troops joined by French special forces ]
French special forces are present on the ground in Yemen with forces from the United Arab Emirates, The ministry stressed that France at this stage had no military operations in the Hodeidah region and was not part of the Saudi-led coalition.
The US government rejected the coalition’s request for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance support as well as the use of an American minesweeper vessel to help clear the area of Houthi mines. The US military has for some time been providing aerial refueling support to coalition warplanes and has provided the coalition with information to help prevent civilian casualties.