[March 8 ]
Prasident Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi stressed March 7 that Egypt would not intervene militarily in turmoil-stricken Libya, describing the neighbouring country as a “sovereign state.”
“History won’t forget our stance if we decide to interfere in Libya,”
[February 9 200 million sought for Libyan intervention ]
The Pentagon is seeking $200 million in the 2017 budget for counterterrorism operations in Libya and other portions of North and West Africa, but Defense Secretary Ash Carter said February 9 that Libyans must take the lead in eliminating the Islamic State threat in their country.
The new funding provides the first concrete indication of what the U.S. military may do to battle the threat, including expanded drone and surveillance flights, strikes and other operations. And it is the first time that the Pentagon has included a separate increase for operations against the Islamic State in Africa. There were no details on how the money would be spent.
[February 2 Libyan intervention trial balloons ]
“Action in Libya is needed before Libya becomes a sanctuary for ISIL, before they become extremely hard to dislodge,” a US defence official said last month, using one of several names for IS. “The failure of the political process and the simultaneous escalation of IS activities in Libya made all of this much more likely” in recent weeks, said Mattia Toaldo of the European Council on Foreign Relations. For Toaldo, intervention will be along the lines of in Syria: “air strikes, some drones, some special operation troops on the ground”. Military intervention “will focus on ISIS rather than on Libya as a whole,” said Toaldo. “This makes it easier for European prime ministers who will be able in some cases to avoid parliamentary votes on this.” US officials believe Italy, the former colonial power in Libya, could lead an international operation. France and Britain, who like the US joined the NATO intervention against Kadhafi in 2011, also plan to take part.
[January 29 Libyan army denies British and US soldiers are helping fight against Isis ]
The Libyan army denies that British and US soldiers are helping fight against Isis, even after a picture of troops in civilian clothes was posted on its Facebook page.
MOD:”We have an advance force on the ground who will make an assessment of the situation and identify where attacks should be made and highlight the threats to our forces.”
[January 28 Our Special Forces in Libya NOT “so-called “shaping operations” that precede imminent combat”]
MR. COOK: Jennifer.
Q: Can you — can you rule out U.S. boots on the ground going to Libya? Is that (inaudible) discussion?
MR. COOK: You — you know the situation right now. We’ve had — acknowledged that there have been some U.S. forces in Libya trying to establish contact with forces on the ground so that we get a clear picture of what’s happening there.
But beyond that, it’s — again, we’re going to consider all of our options going forward. Right now, that’s not something that’s — that’s under consideration.
Cook acknowledged that the “metastasis” of Isis beyond its primary base in Iraq and Syria has prompted the Pentagon to revisit the question of a renewed war in Libya.
A “small group” of US forces had made contact with Libyan militiamen, “simply to get a sense of who the players are”, Cook said, amid a fractured security landscape with multiple and overlapping combatants.
Although the US personnel are likely to be special operations forces, Cook did not specify how many of them had taken part in the mission, nor if they were still operating in Libya. Cook portrayed the contact as closer to a broad assessment mission than the so-called “shaping operations” that precede imminent combat.
“We are extremely worried about the metastasis of Isil in a number of locations, Libya being just one of those locations,” Cook said.
[December 2 2015 ISIS sympathizers have begun calling on volunteers to travel to join ISIS in Libya\
Social media accounts run by ISIS sympathizers have begun calling on volunteers to travel to join ISIS in Libya instead of Syria and Iraq. according to eight experts appointed by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. “while the group is benefiting from the appeal and notoriety of ISIL in Iraq and Syria, it is only one player among multiple warring factions in Libya and faces strong resistance from the population, as well as difficulties in building and maintaining local alliances.”
[July 15 2014 Libya becoming haven for Militants]
In a sign of how dangerous the situation in Libya has become, the United Nations pulled its staff out of the country on July 11.
The Libyan south of this vast desert country has become a haven for Islamist militants kicked out of Mali by French forces earlier this year
Western security experts say the lawless desert expanses of southern Algeria, Libya and northern Mali form a corridor for smugglers and Islamist militants travelling across the region.
France’s defense minister says the French military operation in Mali “fulfilled its mission” and is being reorganized into a regional force against terrorists across northwest Africa. France intervened 18 months ago after al-Qaida-linked extremists seized a swath of the former French colony. Operation Serval was repeatedly extended to help Mali’s government regain control, and is expected to end soon — perhaps this week when French President Francois Hollande visits Africa.
[September 9 2011]
Each year, only a handful of hardcore tourists or intrepid business people would venture down to Ghat, a small town that seems to lie on the very edge of the known world. From here you can make out the Jebel Acacus mountain range that cuts through south-western Libya. An Ottoman-era fort briefly occupied by the French after the second world war overlooks a jumble of abandoned mud houses, their former residents now occupying newer bungalows in this isolated Saharan outpost.
It was through this forgotten corner of the country that a caravan of Mercedes carrying Muammar Gaddafi’s wife, daughter and two of his less politically active sons crossed into Algeria in late August. Last week, another armed convoy – this time carrying senior Gaddafi regime members – probably passed through Ghat on its way to Niger. Some have asked how Nato could have failed to spot the convoy of vehicles that crossed into Niger last week. But fleets of battered trucks have criss-crossed Libya’s porous borders for years, transporting human and commercial cargo along what is essentially a 21st-century caravan route. Without trusted spotters on the ground – practical on the coast, less so in the desert – it is hard to tell whether they are friend or foe. guardian blog
Libya’s fugitive leader Muammar Gaddafi has dismissed as lies and psychological warfare the speculation that he has fled south to neighbouring Niger.He was speaking by phone to a pro-Gaddafi TV channel in Syria, apparently from inside Libya. Niger really is in a dilemma. It is a poor country, relative to Libya, and for many years now, a whole tissue of relationships have built up with Col Gaddafi’s Libya. His organisations and agencies have been investing here, in terms of business and aid operations and so on. Hundreds of thousands of Niger citizens are seeking work in Libya. Niger’s foreign minister, Mohamed Bazoum, said several Libyan convoys of 10 vehicles each have entered his country in the last few days, September 7, but none included Gaddafi. Niger would hand him over to the rebels if he did make it across the border, Bazoum said, according to Algeria’s state news agency. The man leading the hunt for Gaddafi, rebel Hisham Buhagiar, said September 6 that he had evidence Gaddafi may have been near the southern village of Ghat, north of the border with Niger, three days ago. As Foreign Policy’s Blake Hounshell tweeted yesterday, “BREAKING: Gaddafi is either in Niger, Burkina Faso, Venezuela, South Africa, Bani Walid, Sirte, Tripoli, or a hole in the desert somewhere.”