The U.N. gets a mandate, goes there, and finds out there’s no one to work with—the ministries are Potemkin. The I.M.F. goes in, says what’s wrong, and doesn’t do much about it. The World Bank hardly does anything. Vast numbers of people came to Libya to look for contracts, but nobody got any money, so they went away. NATO tried to design a national-defense system, but the Libyans failed to engage with them. The French were going to train three thousand police. Instead, they trained thirty. Then some cadets were sent to Jordan for training, but the Jordanians kicked them out after they burned down a sports facility, because they were angry about a flight delay.” In November, the official noted, three hundred Libyan soldiers being trained in the U.K. were expelled after half a dozen of them ran amok in an English village, sexually assaulting several women and raping a man. “The Libyans defeated everyone,” he said. “It didn’t matter whether you were Gandhi or Stalin. It didn’t matter how hard we tried, they defeated us all.”
Haftar is not fighting for democracy; he is a military man at heart. But, in a country full of militias and increasingly hospitable to Islamist extremists, his offensive may yet provide a small hope for stability. If military pressure can persuade the moderate members of Libya Dawn to break with the extremists in their ranks, it might help to create two mainstream factions that are at least willing to agree on the terms of negotiations. But, many Libyans told me, if Haftar does not prevail over the jihadists in Benghazi and Derna, the country will lurch closer to being what the British special envoy Jonathan Powell described to me as a “Somalia on the Mediterranean.”
[December 11 2014 No sanctions against Khalifa Haftar]
“The West is currently in trouble. The military gains Gen. Haftar is making against extremists on the ground in the city of Benghazi, in eastern Libya, make imposing sanctions on him or putting him on a list beside warlords unpalatable both publicly and officially,” the source added.
The Tobruk government was considering appointing Haftar as the commander-in-chief of the country’s armed forces. “According to information we have received, Britain is pushing strongly to include Haftar in the sanctions list but France objected,” said the minister.
Britain’s Foreign Office declined to confirm that it was seeking sanctions against Haftar.
November 29 State Department terms Tripoli Airport airstrike ‘political problem’]
Libyan Major General Khalifa Haftar, said November 28 he has given himself two weeks to take Benghazi and three months to recapture the capital Tripoli. “Egypt, Algeria, the Emirates and Saudi Arabia have sent us arms and ammunitions, but only their older technology.
25 November 2014: MR. RATHKE State Dept: Again, we urge all parties to cease all military operations. We support the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 2174 to address Libya’s peace and stability, and we think that there’s – these are political problems. They require a political solution.
QUESTION: And are you aware that the prime minister has said that it was the government’s air force that conducted this attack on Tripoli airport?
MR. RATHKE: We’re aware of those reports, but again, we are seeking more information and aren’t able to confirm those details.
[July 14 State Department terms Tripoli Airport fight ‘Posturing’]
Several Grad rockets hit the international airport of the Libyan capital on Monday, damaging the control tower,
Rebels from the Zintan region who control the international airport have been attacked by a rival group trying to take over the area.
Zintan fighters seized control of the airport and surrounding areas, 30km (18 miles) south of Tripoli, shortly after Col Gaddafi’s 42-year-rule came to an end.
Attacking rebels were from the western city of Misrata. they call themselves the Stability and Security Force.
“The United States is deeply concerned by the ongoing violence in Libya and dangerous posturing that could lead to widespread conflict there,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psakisaid in a statement.
In a travel warning, State Department terms ‘Operation Dignity’ posturing.
“This posturing has the potential to continue and reignite fighting at any time”
May 23, 2014
Statements on Libya, European Union, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States
Libya is at a crossroads. On one side lies the achievement of the transition through the political process and the forging of a Constitutional Charter based on nationally agreed principles, with a view to achieving the goals of the 17th of February revolution and fostering the rule of law, the respect of human rights and the welfare of its citizens. On the other lies chaos, fragmentation, violence and terrorism.
The European Union, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States, deeply concerned by the repeated acts of violence, call on all sides to refrain from the use of force and to address differences by political means. We stand ready to support an inclusive reconciliation process in order to gather all the Libyans in support of the political transition, with the support of the United Nations.
We emphasize the importance of carrying on the transition in a peaceful and democratic way. We insist, in this framework, on the opportunity of holding parliamentary elections as soon as possible. The democratic constitutional process has begun its work to codify the principles of democracy that will protect all citizens of Libya, irrespective of geographic or tribal affiliation.
The process leading to a peaceful transition of power should be based upon broad consensus, avoiding any acts which seek to undermine that process.
Building upon Rome Conference Conclusions, we will work to facilitate dialogue and reconciliation as the key to the stabilization process, in the national interest of Libya and of the security of the region, with the coordination of the UN.
Persistent divisions amongst Libyans will gravely challenge the ability of the international community to assist Libya.
The U.S. State Department said on May 20 it does not support, condone or assist in recent actions by forces loyal to renegade Libyan general Khalifa Haftar, including the attack on Libya’s parliament.
“We have not had contact with him recently. We do not condone or support the actions on the ground, nor have we assisted with these actions,” department spokeswoman Jen Psaki told reporters at her daily briefing. “We are continuing to call on all parties to refrain from violence and to seek resolution through peaceful means.”
Gunmen shelled Libya’s General National Congress on Sunday in an attack claimed by forces loyal to renegade general Khalifa Haftar, who said it was part of a campaign to purge the North African country of Islamists.