Egypt’s ruling military council has issued a constitutional declaration that curtail the president’s powers by giving it the authority to pull together a committee to write a new charter and other powers, including oversight of its own budget.
The Muslim Brotherhood said its candidate won Egypt’s first free presidential vote, with Mohamed Mursi beating out Hosni Mubarak’s last premier to become the first Islamist in modern history to head the Arab world’s most populous nation.
The announcement by the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party was disputed by rival Ahmed Shafik
The contest has polarized the nation, with the race cast as one between Islamist rule and a return to the old regime ousted by last year’s uprising. Clouding the election was last week’s dissolution of parliament by the constitutional court, a move decried by the Brotherhood. The military’s declaration, coupled with a win by Mursi, set the stage for a continuation of the rocky transition process.
Secularists, Christians and other had worried about the possibility of Islamist rule under the Brotherhood, a concern which Shafik had sought to use to his favour in the race. Mursi said it was time for Egyptians to pull together.
“I will stand at an equal distance from all, and will be a servant to all Egyptians,” he said. “We have dark days ahead of us,” said Mustafa Sweilam, who owns a street-side cigarette stand in Cairo. “The Brotherhood are going to control Mursi and he’s going to try to control us.”
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) (Arabic: المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة, al-Maǧlis al-ʾAʿlā lil-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥah, also Higher Council of the Armed Forces) consists of a body of 20 senior officers in the Egyptian military. As a consequence of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, the Council took the power to govern Egypt from its departing President Hosni Mubarak on February 11, 2011
[June 14]Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court June 14 rejected a parliamentary law that barred officials from the rule of former president Hosni Mubarak from running for office, clearing the way for former prime minister Ahmed Shafiq to contest the upcoming run-off. Shafiq placed second to the Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate, Mohamed Morsi, in the first round of voting in late May.
The court also ruled that one-third of the Egyptian legislature was elected illegally, making the entire parliament unconstitutional. A court spokesman said, as a result, the lower house of parliament – the People’s Assembly – must be dissolved.